Problems concerning oral health do not only cause damage to the teeth alone but also the gum tissue. One concrete example that causes damage to both teeth and gums is gum disease.
Gum disease, or known as periodontal disease, refers to the infection of the tissues that surround and support the teeth. This is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Gum disease can usually be painless; this makes you fully unaware that you might be already suffering from it.
Knowing what causes gum disease or the factors that contribute to its development is essential in order to be aware and avoid certain habits that may lead to this condition. Continue reading below:
Building up of plaque
Gum disease is primarily caused by plaque that has built up in the mouth. Plaque is the sticky film of bacteria that forms in the gums and teeth. If these built-up plaques are left neglected, it hardens and turns into tartar, which can be difficult to remove with just regular brushing. The accumulation of plaque and tartar in the mouth can infect the teeth and gums, and eventually affect the gum tissue and bone that support the teeth.
Changes in hormones, such as monthly menstruation, puberty, pregnancy, and menopause, make the gums more sensitive, which can increase the risk and severity of gum disease.
People suffering from certain conditions have a higher risk of developing gum disease. These diseases may include diabetes, cancer, HIV, and more. Having one of the mentioned diseases can make gum disease more difficult to control.
Some medications can reduce the production of saliva in the mouth or known as dry mouth. Dry mouth promotes the formation of plaque in the mouth, which may eventually lead to cavities or gum disease. Other medicines may also cause the gums to enlarge, which makes them more likely to trap plaque.
Smoking and tobacco use
Heavy smokers are more likely at risk of gum disease. Smokers tend to collect more tartar on their teeth; this often results in the development of deeper gum pockets. Bone loss will likely be experienced as well as the disease progresses. Furthermore, smoking makes it harder for gum tissue to repair itself.
If your family has a history of gum disease, this can be a contributing factor to the development of this oral health condition.
If you experience early signs of periodontal disease, like the sudden bleeding of gums, bad breath, or loose teeth, contact our office at Chester Road Family Dental for Gum Disease Treatment in Chester, VA. Book your appointment now with us. We are located at 11701 Chester Rd., Chester, VA 23831.